", "First Annual Message to Congress on the State of the Union", "Loose in the Stacks: A Half-Century with the Utah War and Its Legacy", "True Happiness—Fruits of Not Following Counsel—Popular Prejudice Against the Mormons—The Coming Army—Punishment of Evildoers", "Utah Territory: Message of the President of the United States, Communication, in Compliance with a Resolution of the House, Copies of Correspondence Relative to the Condition of Affairs in the Territory of Utah ...", "Nomination of Alfred Cumming as Governor of the Territory of Utah", "Oneness of the Priesthood—Impossibility of Obliterating Mormonism—Gospel Ordinances—Depopulation of the Human Species—The Coming Famine, etc. However, they too were critically short of horses and supplies. June 1858: Johnston's army arrives in Utah, passing through a now-vacant Salt Lake city to establish Camp Floyd some 50 miles distant. A veteran of the Mexican-American War (1846-48), Johnston entered the Civil War as one of the Souths senior officers and was appointed a full general. Another group went on to Millport, where they again looted the buildings. In 1838, they had been driven from Missouri into Illinois by direction of the Governor of Missouri who issued the infamous Extermination Order. Rather than engaging the Army directly, Mormon strategy was one of hindering and weakening them. Buchanan, fearing his over-extended, ill-conceived expedition might lose to the Mormons, agreed. Mormon Elias Blackburn recorded in his journal, The roads are crowded with the Saints moving south. Despite Thomas Kane's successful mission, tension continued throughout the spring and summer of 1858. This concept was meant to remove the divisive issue of slavery in the Territories from national debate, allowing local decision making, and forestalling armed conflict between the North and South. failing to provide an adequate resupply train for the winter. The city is 50 per cent better in structure and situation than I expected. [37] Young and the Mormon community feared renewed persecution and possibly annihilation by a large body of federal troops. [12][13], Other incidents of violence have also been linked to the Utah War, including an Indian attack on the Mormon mission of Fort Lemhi in eastern Oregon Territory, modern day Idaho. Burn the whole country before them and on their flanks. GENERAL ORDERS No. Mormon Nazis: New book uncovers LDS support for the Third Reich A startling new book argues that German Mormons in the 1930s were not just … [57], Ives arrived at Yuma on the evening of 5 January 1858. President Nelson didn’t have to—we knew it was coming. Although the Utah Expedition had begun to gather as early as May under orders from General Winfield Scott, the first soldiers did not leave Fort Leavenworth, Kansas until 18 July 1857. However, the rest of American society rejected polygamy, and some commentators accused the Mormons of gross immorality. The Mormons evacuated Salt Lake City and were ready to burn it down rather than let outsiders take their city, but this was avoided. 15 September 1857: Brigham young declares martial law, forbidding "all armed forces of every description from coming into this Territory, under any pretense whatsoever". Mitt Romney’s presidential campaign has revived interest in little-known aspects (to non-Mormons, anyway) of Mormon history. Historians Allen and Leonard write: It was an extraordinary operation. He concluded by urging the president to appoint a governor who was not a member of the Church and to send with him sufficient military aid to enforce his rule. Residents of Utah County just south of Salt Lake were asked to build and maintain roads and to help the incoming inhabitants of the northern communities. This can be a sensitive issue to some students, but to others it’s simply a fact that polygamy was once practiced by Mormons. Left camp early. Brigham Young echoed the opinion of many Latter-day Saints when he declared "I love the government and the Constitution of the United States, but I do not love the damned rascals that administer the government. Most of them had spent a cold winter with substandard rations, indequate clothing, and poor shelter. Fort Bridger, Wyoming was first established in 1843 as a trading post by Jim Bridger and his partner, Pierre Louis (Luis) Vasquez, on Black’s Fork of the Green River.Planning to trade both with the Indians and the westward-bound emigrants, the first “fort” was composed of two double-log houses about 40 feet long, joined by a pen for horses, and provided a small blacksmith shop. 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